Abel was noted for its vineyards, 12 miles east of Gadara, so that Jephte pursued the enemy, as they fled towards the north for about 60 miles, and during the course of the war destroyed 20 of their cities, (C.) to punish them for their unjust revenges and usurpation of another's property. H. (the great: 1Sam 6:18) is a common name, "stone", as the D.V. suggests in the parenthesis. — Abel (Judg 11:33; Hebrew 'Abél Kerãmîm), — Abela (2Ki 20:14) — Abeldomum Maacha (1Ki 15:20; 2Ki 15:29); — Abelmaim (2Chron 16:4); — Abelmehula (Judg 7:23, etc.); Abelsatim (Num 33:49), the place where the Israelites were enticed into the impure worship of Beelphegor; in the Ghôr E. of the Jordan, at a short distance from the Dead Sea. ---Abel. A stone or rock, on which the Jews say Abraham had offered sacrifice; (S. Jer. Trad. T.) Heb. "or mourning," was so called afterwards, on account of so many being slain; (M.) so the place, to which the Egyptians accompanied the remains of Jacob, was styled "Abol," the mourning of Egypt. Gen. l. 11. H. --- The Sept. read Abon, "the stone." All the towns belonging to the Philistines, as far as this place, sent each their golden images, or contributed towards those which were presented by the five lords.
1 Sam 6:18 • And the golden mice according to the number of the cities of the Philistines, of the five provinces, from the fenced city to the village that was without wall, and to the great Abel (the stone) whereon they set down the ark of the Lord, which was till that day in the field of Josue the Bethsamite.
2 Ki 15:29 • In the days of Phacee king of Israel came Theglathphalasar king of Assyria, and took Aion, and Abel Domum Maacha and Janoe, and Cedes, and Asor, and Galaad, and Galilee, and all the land of Nephtali: and carried them captives into Assyria.
Judg 11:33 • And he smote them from Aroer till you come to Mennith, twenty cities, and as far as Abel, which is set with vineyards, with a very great slaughter: and the children of Ammon were humbled by the children of Israel.